47 Further Reading

Bishop (2016)

One of the clearest treatments of the EM algorithm, variational inference, and MCMC can be found in Chapters 9-11 of Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning, by Christopher Bishop.

This is a great book in general.

EM Algorithm

Paper that popularized the method: Dempster, Laird, Rubin (1977)

Paper that got the theory correct: Wu (1983)